Female Infertility


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Female Infertility

Infertility is a condition that has affected around 10 to 14 percent of the Indian population. One out of six couples in the urban areas is affected by infertility problems. Infertility problems occur in both men and women. Approximately 50 percent of infertility cases are contributed by female infertility problems.

Usually, couples who have unprotected sex twice a week are able to become pregnant within a year. Infertility means not being able to get pregnant even after having unprotected sex for months.

female infertility treatment in chennai

There are many causes for infertility which can be solved by medical interventions.

What are the causes of female infertility?

The main causes for female infertility are- problems of ovulation (hormonal imbalances such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, PCOS), damages in fallopian tubes, presence of fibroid in the uterus, and problems in the cervix.

Aging has a greater impact on female infertility. As women grow older, ovulation (the process of developing and releasing eggs) becomes slower and ineffective. The chances of getting pregnant is low for the women after the age of 30 and the pregnancy rates become very low as a women reach the age of around 44 years of age.

What are the symptoms of female infertility?

The primary symptom of infertility is the inability to get pregnant. Other than that infrequent ovulation or absence of periods for several months is a main symptom of infertility. Infrequent ovulation may be a cause of body stress, eating disorders, obesity or hormonal abnormalities.

When to seek the help of a doctor?

  • Consult a doctor, if you are not pregnant even after having unprotected sexual intercourse for one year.
  • If you are 35 years old and have not become pregnant even after trying for four to six months, consult a doctor.
  • If you are aged between 30 to 35 years, seek the help of a doctor after having unprotected sex for six months. In all these cases, your doctor may recommend you to go for an infertility test and may start treatment if you or your partner is identified with infertility issues.

What are the treatment options for female infertility?

Treatment depends upon a person's infertility evaluation. Some causes of infertility have specific treatment. However, the common treatments for female infertility are as follows:

  • Medications to stimulate eggs- Certain medications help the ovary to produce and mature eggs for ovulation. The medications are given in the form of pills, to be taken orally or as injections.
  • In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)- It is the most common solution for infertility issues. In this process, eggs are collected and are fertilized by the sperm outside the body. Later these fertilized eggs are transferred directly into the uterus. This process help woman who have problems in fallopian tubes.
  • Surgery- After a detailed examination, the doctor may prescribe surgery to correct the abnormalities in female reproductive organs such as fallopian tubes, uterus, and endometriosis. Most commonly done surgical procedures are laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, and Laparascopic myomectomy.
  • Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)- It is a simple procedure that introduces sperm into a female cervix or uterine cavity to get pregnant. This procedure is helpful for women who have a problem in their cervical mucus.

Can female infertility be prevented?

Usually, there are no accurate ways to prevent female infertility which occur naturally. But surely there are certain steps which can help women to decrease the possibility of becoming infertile.

  • Take precautions to avoid sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Maintain a normal body weight
  • Avoid illicit drugs
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid alcohol use
  • Follow good health practices and personal hygiene
  • Go for annual check-ups once you are sexually active
Authored by Dr. Radhika Meka

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