The medical ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses ultrasonic vibrations to create an image of the internal body. It can capture images of the internal body structures like the muscles, tendons, blood vessels, joints, and other organs. It helps to find the source of a disease or even find out the position of certain abnormalities.
However, the foetal ultrasound is a very common prenatal test and is offered to every pregnant woman. Sound waves show a picture of the baby in the uterus. Ultrasound helps the health provider to check if the baby is healthy and developing properly. The ultrasound is also a special part of the pregnancy, allowing you to see your baby for the first time. You would be able to see the hands, legs and other parts of the baby depending on the time of the ultrasonography.
What are the two types of ultrasonography?
There are mainly two types of ultrasonography:
There are other types of transabdominal ultrasounds as well:
Why is an ultrasound performed?
The first-trimester ultrasound is performed to find the presence, location, and size of the embryo. It determines the number of foetuses and estimates how long the tenure of pregnant. The ultrasound can be used for screening of abnormalities in the cervix and uterus.
The standard ultrasound performed in the second or third trimesters would evaluate several features of the pregnancy, including the anatomy of the fetus. The timing of the ultrasound might vary from 18 to 20 weeks of pregnancy.
The healthcare might use the foetal ultrasound for the following reasons:
You might be asked to drink a certain amount of fluid or avoiding depending on the type of ultrasound being performed. You should ask the healthcare provider for further instructions.Authored by Dr. Radhika Meka
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